Species of Bunga Raya (Hibiscus)
|Bunga Melur (Jasminum Sambac)|
|Bunga Kemboja Merah (Plumeria Rubra)|
|Bunga Cempaka Kuning (Michellia Champaca)|
The Malaysian flowers such as Bunga Raya or the hibiscus flower, scientific name is Hibiscus rosasinensis is the national flower of Malaysia. It is officially selected as a symbol of pride due to her unique physical characteristics and features. Its five petals symbolizes the nation five principles of achieving unity and equality among the diverse cultures and ethnic backgrounds. The various species of Bunga Raya or hibiscus according to colors, shapes and sizes also symbolizes the strength of the various races, religion and traditions of the people living in peace and harmony.
In Malaysia alone, the Bunga Raya species almost reach 300 and belongs to the family of Malvaceae. The reproduction of these Malaysian flowers are by stem cutting and attached. The species that are well knowns are: Hibiscus Rosa-Sinensis, Hibiscus Mutabilis, Hibiscus Esculenthus, Hibiscus Tiliaceus, Hibiscus Syriacus, Hibiscus Moschentos, Hibiscus Rockil, Hibiscus Kokio, Hibiscus Yougianus and Hibiscus Arnottianus. The hybrid Bunga Raya are: Fierlight, Charles September, Light Pink, Ritt 470, La France, White Picardy, Aurora, Peach, Pink President, Scarlet Giant, Pagoda, Francosea, Frank's Lady, Miss Kitty, Cooperi Alba, Fire Truck, Pukoonis and Aloha. Even hybrid Bunga Raya took up names of former Prime Minister and spouse that is Hibiscus Rosa-Sinensis Dr. Mahathir and Hibiscus Rosa-Sinensis Dr. Siti Hasmah.
The local Malaysian flowers and the rituals of flower bath is synonymn to the Malay race. The Malays love to mix the flowers in special bathing because of the sweet scent and odors as the flowers are easily found and planted around their house. The element of water and flowers provides the positive strength as remedies and treatment of diseases in traditional medicine. The local Malaysian flowers used are Bunga(Flower) Kenanga(Cananga odorata), Bunga Melor (Jasminum Sambac), Bunga Cempaka Kuning (Michellia Champaca), Bunga Kemboja Merah (Plumeria Rubra) and Bunga Harum Sundal Malam (Lianthes tuberose). The several advantages of flower bath are the cure for stress, freshes the body and as facial cleansers.
The Chinese believe that the Dracaena sanderiana or better known as the Lucky bamboo is a shield against the 'sha qi'(negative qi) and attracts the 'sheng qi' (positive qi). According to feng shui experts, these species could bring wealth and prosperity to the owners.
The Indians uses Bunga Melur (Jasminum sambac) in a lot of their rituals. These species which orinates from India is use extensively in their weddings. Also, Indian women uses the flower at the hairs during social events in their cultures.
These are the few examples of Malaysian flowers that are in abundance around houses, office buildings, district gardens and parks and streets in the cities of Malaysia.